Maharaja Lakshmeshwar Singh, Maharaj of Darbhanga, Patna was a zamindar, landowner of Raj Darbhanga. He reigned Darbhanga from 1858 to 1898, this article takes us through his charitable generosity. He was one of the richest zamindars of Darbhanga. He also had enormous jewellery possessions. He is highly respected and remembered for his philanthropic work.
He served as a founding principal of the oldest Public school in India, Rajkumar College, Rajkot. He was the leading zamindar in Bihar, where he owned no less than 2,152 miles (5,570 km2) with a net yearly rental of 3 million.
Maharaja is recognised for his contribution to Bihar famine relief work. He used his clout to construct iron bridges so as to facilitate navigation along the rivers of Raj Darbhanga. For the prevention of famine, he constructed a complete irrigation system. He distributed his wealth in miles of roads, planting thousands of trees for the comfort of travelers. He gave special attention to agricultural improvements. The lakes, dams, and other water bodies that run through Darbhanga remain an important form of irrigation in Bihar. He spent two million sterling on charities, public duties, and remission of rent.
Along with public utility, he also contributed to medical aid. He opened many educational institutes and donated tracts of land for Patna Medical College. Patna Medical College was established as Temple Medical School in 1874 with the admission of 30 students with fees of Rs. 2/- only per student for the whole course until 1925. This college was a torchbearer for medical education in Bihar.
Unlike other politicians, Raja of Darbhanga’s philanthropy was not focused on election season. He was generous throughout his reign with no political self-gain or bias towards any society. On his birthday it's time to take a moment to appraise his contributions to all the sectors.
(Inputs from various sources)