Innovative Diagnostics for Kidney Stones

Development of Cost-Effective X-ray technologies to improve kidney stone diagnosis by EMPA researchers.
Empa researchers, led by Robert Zboray, develop precise and efficient diagnostic procedures to enhance kidney stone treatment. (Representational image: Pexels )
Empa researchers, led by Robert Zboray, develop precise and efficient diagnostic procedures to enhance kidney stone treatment. (Representational image: Pexels )

Although kidney stones can go unnoticed for a long time, for many people, they cause discomfort at some point in their lives. More than 5% of the population suffers from these multifaceted crystals. The most suitable therapy for this widespread disease depends on the shapes and chemical composition of the stones. Sometimes, however, the type of stone can only be identified once it has been removed by surgery.

Such an expensive operation is not always necessary, though. In some cases, a far more cost-effective change in eating and drinking habits is sufficient. EMPA researchers are developing a new diagnostic procedure based on advanced X-ray technologies to ensure that the right treatment – i.e, one that is tailored to each patient – is being applied.

The new project has recently received support from the Maiores Foundation in Liechtenstein and a second foundation.

Understanding kidney stones: aiding in accurate identification and personalized treatment plans. (Representational image: Wikimedia Commons)
Understanding kidney stones: aiding in accurate identification and personalized treatment plans. (Representational image: Wikimedia Commons)

Precise and efficient

Zboray and his team are looking for biomedical imaging methods that can be used to determine the content, shape and position of kidney stones precisely, cost-effectively, and painlessly.

Dark-field X-ray imaging is particularly suitable for this. This innovative, multimodal technology uses scattered radiation produced by the interaction of X-rays and kidney stones and direct radiation, which simultaneously produces a conventional X-ray image. The combination of the two types of images enables a particularly sensitive determination of the composition of the stone. This even makes it possible to visualize nearly transparent objects as well as fine details of the microstructure. (Newswise/PBVSVP)

Empa researchers, led by Robert Zboray, develop precise and efficient diagnostic procedures to enhance kidney stone treatment. (Representational image: Pexels )
Urologists at AINU Hospital Extract 418 Kidney Stones from 60-Year-Old Patient
logo
Medbound
www.medboundtimes.com